A whole lot of cutaneous neurofibromas throughout this affected person’s physique!! Neurofibromat…

Hundreds of cutaneous neurofibromas all over this patient’s body!!
Neurofibromat...

A whole lot of cutaneous neurofibromas throughout this affected person’s physique!!
Neurofibromatosis sort 1 is a genetically-inherited dysfunction through which the nerve tissue grows tumors (neurofibromas) that could be benign or could trigger critical injury by compressing nerves and different tissues. The dysfunction impacts all neural crest cells (Schwann cells, melanocytes and endoneurial fibroblasts). Mobile parts from these cell sorts proliferate excessively all through the physique, forming tumors; melanocytes additionally operate abnormally on this illness, leading to disordered pores and skin pigmentation and café au lait spots. The tumors could trigger bumps below the pores and skin, coloured spots, skeletal issues, strain on spinal nerve roots, and different neurological issues.
NF-1 is brought on by a mutation of a gene on the lengthy arm of chromosome 17 which encodes a protein often called neurofibromin, which is a detrimental regulator of the Ras oncogene sign transduction pathway.
When Ras isn’t regulated, it’s overexpressed. These are a household of proteins which can be concerned in mobile sign transduction. A cascade impact happens when ras is “switched on” by incoming indicators, resulting in activation of different proteins, which, in flip, activate genes chargeable for cell progress and differentiation, therefore resulting in neurofibromas.
Attributable to their benign nature, neurofibromas ought to be surgically excised solely when symptomatic.

An attention-grabbing specimen we have acquired, exhibiting the eliminated uterus together with it…

An interesting specimen we've received, showing the removed uterus along with it...

An attention-grabbing specimen we have acquired, exhibiting the eliminated uterus together with its Fallopian tubes and ovaries, a process generally known as whole hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy.
The uterus is a hole muscular organ that nourishes the creating child throughout being pregnant. Throughout the surgical procedure the entire uterus is normally eliminated, together with adjoining constructions.
There are various causes concerning of why it’s carried out, together with an endometrial most cancers, most cancers of the cervix, adenomyosis (presence of ectopic glandular tissue inside the myometrium, inflicting heavy painful intervals), ovarian or endometrial most cancers and uterine prolapse (slipping of the uterus into the vagina).
Elimination of the uterus leaves the affected person unable to bear kids (as does elimination of ovaries and fallopian tubes) and has surgical dangers in addition to long-term results like hormonal imbalance, so the surgical procedure is often advisable as a final resort when different therapy choices aren’t obtainable or have failed.

A ghost coronary heart, or higher but, a decellularized coronary heart! . That is the way forward for re…

A ghost coronary heart, or higher but, a decellularized coronary heart!
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That is the way forward for regenerative medication. A large step nearer for hundreds of thousands in want of recent organs.
That is an experimental “ghost coronary heart” which has been decellularized.
Decellularization is a tissue engineering method designed to strip out all of the cells from a donor organ, leaving nothing however the connective tissue that used to carry the cells in place.
In different phrases, a method which goals the substution of synthetic scaffolds by decellularized organs.
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Not the luckiest – Impaled on a steel beam whereas attempting to flee out the bedroo…

Not the luckiest - Impaled on a metal beam while trying to escape out the bedroo...

Not the luckiest – Impaled on a steel beam whereas attempting to flee out the bed room window!
The affected person was having an affair with a lady when her husband got here residence early. He tried to flee by way of the window however ended up falling on a steel rod by accident left in website by building employees.
The affected person sustained solely a minor occipital fracture with no critical mind injury. However he was left with a critical reminder to not mess with a married girl.

. مقایسه ریه سالم و ریه فرد سیگاری مبتلا به کنسر ریه . . . . . . . . . . . . . ….

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مقایسه ریه سالم و ریه فرد سیگاری مبتلا به کنسر ریه
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#پزشکی #دارو #پرستاری #بیماری #سلامتی
#جراحی #ژنتیک #آناتومی
#سرطان_ریه

پزشکی ,دارو ,پرستاری ,بیماری ,سلامتی ,جراحی ,ژنتیک ,آناتومی
,سرطان_ریه

A cancerous, 1 pack per day for 20 years lungs versus wholesome lungs! Nonetheless wanna…

A cancerous, 1 pack per day for 20 years lungs versus healthy lungs!
Still wanna...

A cancerous, 1 pack per day for 20 years lungs versus wholesome lungs!
Nonetheless wanna smoke? 🚭
A graphic comparability between wholesome lungs and people of a heavy smoker.
Within the picture, it’s simple to inform which is which. The wholesome lungs are pinky crimson and the those who went by a pack of cigarettes a day for 20 years appear to be a wreck, fully destroyed in a hearth.
As a result of these lungs are COPD, cancerous lungs, the elastance is gone, so they may stretch out however then the recoil of them simply snaps proper again. Elastance is the power of lungs to rebound after inhalation. Decreased elastance means the lungs are stiff and should work means more durable to herald adequate air, leaving its possessor breathless.
The wholesome lung not solely look, however work correctly as properly.
Have a look at the cancerous lungs, broken by 20 years of smoking a pack a day, and the placing distinction is seen instantly.
Emphysema is one other situation during which long-term smoking steadily damages and causes over-inflation of the alveoli, resulting in shortness of breath as a result of diminished quantity of lung tissue out there for the switch of oxygen from the air to the blood.
The brilliant facet is that many illnesses attributable to smoking are literally reversible!