Definition: Hanging or ‘self-suspension’ is a type of asphyxia which is attributable to suspension of the physique by a ligature which encircles the neck, the constricting drive being at the very least a part of the burden of the physique. *Classification
On the idea of place of the knot (Fig. 10.2)
• Typical hanging: When the purpose of suspension is positioned centrally over the occiput i.e. the knot is at thenape of neck on the again. *Atypical hanging: Knot of ligature is wherever apart from on the occiput.
#Asphyxia is a situation brought on by interference with the alternate of oxygen and carbon dioxide within the physique. *It may be:
i. Mechanical/violent: Mechanical interference to the passage of air into the respiratory tract. *Stress on the chest in a stampede or collapse of a constructing (e.g. traumatic asphyxia).
ii.Pathological:Entryofoxygentothelungsispreven- ted by illness of the higher respiratory tract or lungs, e.g. laryngeal edema, spasm, tumors and abscess.
iii. Poisonous or chemical: Cessation of the respiratory actions as a consequence of paralysis of the respiratory centre in poisoning with morphine, barbiturates. *iv. Environmental: Inhaling vitiated environment, as in excessive altitude, climbing or flying, or inhalation of CO, sewer gasoline or pure helium.
v. Traumatic: Blunt trauma to the thorax could end in pneumothorax or hemothorax or pulmonary embolism that may intrude with oxygenation and air flow by compressing in any other case wholesome parenchyma.
vi. Positional/postural: Positional asphyxia is because of peculiar physique place that forestalls enough gasoline alternate.
• In alcoholics or addicts, the place the individual is unconscious and the higher portion of the physique is decrease than relaxation, or neck is forcibly flexed on the chest which prevents regular respiratory move- ments.
• Positional/restraint asphyxia could happen in hogtying additionally (particular person is positioned in a susceptible place, their palms are cuffed collectively behind their again and their ankles are sure and tied to their wrists).
vii. Iatrogenic: It’s seen throughout anesthesia.
Completely different between pediatric and grownup airway
#Humanity is the human race, which incorporates everybody on Earth. It’s additionally a phrase for the qualities that make us human, resembling the power to like and have compassion, be artistic, and never be a robotic or alien. *if you speak about humanity, you might simply be speaking about folks as an entire. When folks do unhealthy issues, it assessments your religion in humanity. When folks ask for cash to assist feed ravenous youngsters, they’re interesting to your sense of humanity.